那些优雅的花儿的英文名字

翻译资讯    发布时间:2018/5/9 10:15:00

每一朵花都有自己的语言,但花儿们的英文名字由来你知道吗?

RHODODENDRON杜鹃

Like many other flower names, rhododendron enters the English record in the mid-1500s. The name literally means “rose tree” in Greek. It’s an apt name, for this shrub or small tree blooms with brilliant, rose-colored flowers.

和其他众多鲜花名一样,rhododendron(杜鹃)是16世纪中叶传入英语中的。Rhododendron在希腊语中的意思是“玫瑰树”。这个名字非常贴切,因为这种像小树一样的灌木植物能开出鲜艳的玫瑰色花朵。


FORGET-ME-NOT勿忘我

The name forget-me-not was a direct translation from the Old French ne m’oubliez mye (“do not forget me”). Renaissance romantics believed that, if they wore these soft-colored flowers, they would never be forgotten by their lovers, making the flower a symbol of fidelity and everlasting love.
勿忘我的英语名字forget-me-not直接翻译自古法语“ne m’oubliez mye(勿忘我)”。文艺复兴时期的浪漫主义者认为,如果他们戴上这种色彩柔和的花朵,就永远不会被爱人遗忘。勿忘我因此成为忠诚永恒爱情的象征。


DAISY雏菊

The word daisy has deep roots in the English language. As attested to in some of English’s earliest records, daisy comes from the Old English phrase d?gesege: the “day’s eye,” as the flower’s white petals close at dusk and open at dawn, like the eye of the day as it sleeps and wakes.
Daisy是一个地地道道的英语单词。根据一些英语相关的早期记载,Daisy来自于古英语短语d?gesege,意思是“日之眼”。白色的雏菊黎明花开,黄昏花谢,就像是每一天的眼睛一样睡去醒来。

VIOLET紫罗兰

Before we had the color violet, recorded by the late 1300s, we had the flower violet, emerging some decades earlier in the same century. Violet grows out of the French violete or violette, a diminutive of viole, in turn the Latin viola, its name for this distinctively purple flower. This viola has no etymological relationship to the instrument. Some scholars suspect Latin got viola from the Greek name for the plant, ion.

据记载,在14世纪末期人们用violet表示紫罗兰色,而再往前几十年,也是在14世纪,violet就指代紫罗兰鲜花。Violet来自于法语中的violete或violette,它们是viole的指小词,而viole来自于拉丁语单词viola,也就是拉丁语中对这种独特的紫色花朵的称呼。拉丁文viola(英语中有中提琴的意思)和中提琴毫无关系。一些学者认为,它来自于希腊语中对紫罗兰的称呼ion。


CARNATION 康乃馨

According to one, carnation may be a corruption of coronation, perhaps because the flower’s toothed petals resembled crowns or because the flowers were worn, crown-like, as garlands. carnation可能是coronation(加冕礼)的变体,因为康乃馨的锯齿状花瓣好像皇冠,又或者是因为人们把这种花当花冠佩戴。

PEONY牡丹

The peony, a word found in Old English, was believed to have healing properties in early medicine, which is why its name might honor Paion, the physician of the gods in Greek mythology.
牡丹的英文名peony起源于古英语,在早期医学中,人们认为牡丹具有疗伤功效,因此,可能根据希腊神话中众神的医生Paion,将其命名为peony。

TULIP郁金香

Passing into English via Dutch or German in the late 1500s, tulip actually comes from the Turkishtülbent, based on the Persian dulband:“turban.” The flower, to its ancient namers, resembled the male headwear worn throughout the Middle East, India, and parts of Africa.

16世纪晚期,tulip(郁金香)从荷兰语或德语中传入英语,这个单词实际上源自于Turkishtülbent。Turkishtülbent来自于波斯语dulband,指“穆斯林的头巾”。按照郁金香古代名字的意思,这种花好像中东、印度以及非洲部分地区男性的头饰。


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